Waterfalls in Sri Lanka

 Sri Lanka, in comparison to its size, has perhaps the largest number of waterfalls of any country in the world. Indeed, there are nearly 100 in Sri Lanka over 5-10 metres, the largest being no less than 263 metres high. Featured here, however, is the second highest, the Diyaluma falls, at 220 metres. Several factors are necessary for such an abundance of waterfalls. First, the geological formation of the land has to be such that there is a sharp upthrust of the earth’s surface resulting in precipitous edges. Second, the rivers should flow over a hard rock face to minimize erosion. There is an exception featured here, the Ravana Falls, which flows over khondallte, a kind of limestone, and thus erosion is discemible. Third, there should be plenty of rainfall to swell the rivers, in Sri Lanka all these factors are satisfied in the central highlands.

Usually waterfalls fall into a pool. A typical example of this in Sri Lanka is the Dunhinda falls. In certain cases, where the waterfall is very high and the volume of water is small, the water is small, the water disintegrates into mist or spray before it reaches the bottom. Many of Sri Lanka’s waterfalls come under this category, particularly during the dry season. Some waterfalls fall onto massive rocks at the base so that the weight of the water is broken on them to spectacular effect. A typical example of this is the aforementioned Diyaluma fall

Babarakanda Falls

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Bambarakanda Falls or Bambarakele Falls is 263m high and the highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 299th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated in Kalupahana area in Badulla District on Colombo-Badulla highway. It is formed by Kuda Oya a tributary of Walawe Ganga. The Falls is located in a forest of Pine and tropical trees

 Diyaluma Falls


Diyaluma Falls is 220m high and the second highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 361th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated 6km away from Koslanda in Badulla District on Colombo-Badulla highway. The Fall formed by Punagala Oya, a tributary of Kuda Oya which in turn is a tributary of Kirindi Oya.
In Singhalese, Diyaluma or Diya Haluma means "Rapid flow of water". According to Dr.R.L. Brohier, the famous historian, Diyaluma is the setting of the folklore about a tragedy involving a young King and a young woman of a low-caste.

Laxapana Falls


Laxapana Falls is 126m high and the 8th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 625th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated in Hatton area in Nuwara Eliya District. It formed by Maskeliya Oya near the confluence of Kehelgamuwa Oya and Maskeliya Oya which forms Kelani River. The Falls gives its name to twin Hydroelectricity Power stations, Laxapana which generates 50MW of electricity and New Laxapana which generates 100MW.

Ramboda Falls

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Ramboda Falls is 109m high and 11th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 729th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated in Pussellawa area, on the A5 highway at Ramboda Pass. It formed by Panna Oya which is a tributary of Kothmale Oya. Altitude of the falls is 945m above sea level.

Aberdeen Falls

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Aberdeen Falls is a waterfall situated in Aberdeen tea estate. The Waterfall is 98 meters high and ranked 18th highest in the Island. It is located in Kehelgamu Oya, a tributary of Kelani River. Earlier Laxapana Falls and Aberdeen Falls put together because the both falls situated in Aberdeen tea estate.

Devon Falls


Devon Falls is a waterfall in Sri Lanka, situated 6 km west of Talawakele, Nuwara Eliya District on A7 highway. The falls is named after a pioneer English coffee planter called Devon, whose plantation is situated nearby the falls. The Waterfall is 97 meters high and ranked 19th highest in the Island. The Falls formed by Kothmale Oya, a tributary of Mahaweli River. Altitude of Devon falls is 1,140m above sea level.

St.Clairs Falls


St.Clair's fall is the widest waterfall in Sri Lanka hence called "Little Niagara of Sri Lanka". The Falls is the most politically discussed environmental entity in Sri Lanka
It is situated in 3km west from Talawakele town on Hatton-Talawakele Highway in Nuwara Eliya District. The Falls derived its name from a near by tea estate. St.Clair's Fall is 80m high and hence 20th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. St.Clair's Falls comprises two falls called "Maha Ella" (Sinhalese "The Greater Fall") and "Kuda Ella" (Sinhalese "The Lesser Fall") which is 50m high created by a tributary of Kotmale Oya.
Environmentalists Concerns
From the inception of Sri Lanka's last major hydro-electricity project, the Upper Kothmale Project the environmentalists protested concerning that the waterfall is threatened by the Upper Kothmale Dam. But the Government ensures the existence of the waterfall and the project is currently underway.

Dunhinda Falls


The Dunhinda Falls is one of Sri Lanka's most beautiful waterfalls located about 5 km off Badulla town. The waterfall, which is 210 feet (64 m) high gets its name from the smoky dew drops spray, (Dun in sinhala means mist or smoke) which surrounds the area at the foot of the waterfall. The water fall is created by the river called Badulu Oya which goes through the Badulla town.
To reach the water fall you have to walk more than 1 km distance along a foot path. Along this foot path you can see another small waterfall at a distance. However walking along this muddy foot path is really worth as the waterfall is so beautiful along this foot path there are many native venders selling herbal drinks to refresh and rest yourself. At the end of the path there is a secure stage constructed for viewers to see the waterfall. If you are brave enough you can reach the foot of the waterfall and cross the river and see the most beautiful view of the fall.

Kirindi Oys Falls


The third tallest waterfall It cascades down 206 meters.Turn off just before pelmadulla town (from Rathnapura) on A 4 about 6km, near Kuttapitiya Tea Factory.

Olu Falls


 The fourth waterfall, 200 meters height and belongs to the Kelani River.Off Yatiyanthota at 16km, little beyond Gokarella

Bopath Falls


Along the Rathnapura road, on the Agalawatta crossroad which is very very narrow and winding, one can see the beautiful “Bopath Falls”. the 30 meters fall which descend in the three cascades in the shape of a Bo Leaf , is a spectacular sight. It can be seen from the road opposite the falls off 4A turn off between 85& 86 km (just before Kuruwita, from Colombo); about 15km.

Rawana Falls


49 meters in heigh Visible from the Ella- Wellaways road, near Udunuwara village.A popular stopover for travelers about 10km.s of Ella.. Ella Wellawaya road

Elgin Falls

 Railway between Nanu Oya and Ambewela offers a panoramic view of the 25 meters high Elgin Falls.

Bridle Falls

The wind highway to the Nuwara Eliya Plateau offers a memorable view of Bridle Falls, resembling a bridle veil, while dropping over the rock face

 Nawarathne Falls

This fall is 109 meters in height and belongs to Mahaweli River.

Mapanana Falls

This fall is 137 meters height.
Off Carney Estate at Sri Palabadala (starting point of climb to Adam’s Peak, from Rathnapura); directions from local people;

 Alupola Falls

On the upper road connecting Balangoda & Rathnapura, about 28km from Rathnapura, about 3km from turn-off to Alupola Estate

 Andawela Falls

On Kandy Ragala road via Padiyapallela between 48 & 49 km

Beruwatte Falls

Alupola 1 1/2km towards Balangoda, at Ravuladola village, inquire from local people.


Dehen Falls

Alupola between 23 & 24km

Garandi Ella

Best view from Wawendon Estate tea factory; turn-off Wavendon Estate road just before Tawalantenne R.C Church (from Pussella) on A -5


Fairlawn Falls

Visible in the distance just past Up cot (Samimale) bazaar, off Maskeliya The “water-side” is a couple of kms. Further up Fairlawn Estate road.

Gokarella Falls

 Off Yatiyantota a-7, turn –off towards Malapola (at clock tower), between 14 & 15 km

Hellboda Falls

 On A-5 between 40 & 41 km. past Pusellawa from Gampola

Kurundu Oya Falls

 Turn off towards Coodoogala Estate. From Nuwara Eliya via Kandapola

 Lebanon Falls

 From Madawala on B 205 towards Bambrella (foothills of Knuckles), at 33km; shot descent from road

Lover’s Leap Falls

On the outskirts of Nuwara Eliya on the Kandapola road; turn-off at Lady MacCullum drives, 1 1/2km

Nanu Oya Falls

Close proximity to Nanu Oya station & Tea factory; best view from Railway Bridge

Parawella Falls

A walk about 2km from Parawella village (from Welimada via Uduhawara)

Puna Oya Falls

Best view from Ramboda Falls Hotel (Just before Ramboda town, from Pussellawa)

Pundulu Oya Falls

About 2km, From Pundulu Oya, Nuwara Eliya road

Eavanella Falls

A walk about 1 1/2km from Uduhawara

Rikille Falls

Between 5 & 6 from Bulathkohupitiya

Sandun Falls


Turn off towards Mahabage at 37km on A 7, a little Kitulgala from Colombo. At Mahabage about 7km from main road